Frequently Asked Questions

I love supporting birth at home! Working as part of the Private Midwives family I have full insurance, including intrapartum (birth) care. The Private Midwives organisation

I am glad to care for you and facilitate you to birth at home if you and your baby are well and we have discussed and agreed that this is a good choice for you. If either you or your baby face issues which might mean that medical care is needed, I may advise hospital birth. If you are having a hospital birth, it is usually possible for me to accompany you in labour and at the birth to provide support for you and advocacy for you and your baby. In most cases hospitals do not allow independent midwives to provide “hands on” care whilst on their premises.

Professional insurance issues are complex and I am happy to discuss this in relation to your particular needs.

For homebirths, I feel it is wise to have a second midwife in attendance. This would be another midwife from the Private Midwives family.

Walking With You offers either an alternative to standard NHS midwifery care or a supplementary service to enrich the care that you are offered by the NHS. Angie will be glad to provide information and advice relating to your personal situation and requirements.

If you are planning a homebirth, it is sensible to bear in mind that unexpected things can happen. Sometimes it is very useful to be able to access 21st century medical care in hospital. If you are entitled to NHS services I encourage you to register for pregnancy and birth care with your local hospital, even if you plan to have full care with me.

If you or your baby have additional health needs, continuity of midwifery care can be a huge benefit, but NHS hospital services may also be needed. This is something that Angie will expect to discuss with you.

Angie provides clinical notes about consultations you have with her, and is usually able to attend NHS appointments with you if you wish, although this has been affected by the pandemic.

Angie believes that every pregnancy is unique and that it is very important that you get the support, explanations and care that are right for you. Although her specialist area is complex pregnancy (including pregnancy after loss), she is always happy to talk to those experiencing a straightforward pregnancy who feel that they would like greater continuity of care or more time with a private midwife.

Each pregnancy situation is unique. If you would value extra time, information and continuity of care as you consider or plan pregnancy, during pregnancy and in the early days after your baby’s birth, you are very welcome to phone and chat to discuss what Angie can offer for you.

Walking With You offers specialist advice, information and support to anyone concerned about their care in pregnancy or worried about their baby’s wellbeing.

Angie offers a free initial discussion in which you can discuss your hopes and fears. Angie will provide you with information and can work with you to develop a plan to address your concerns.

As an independent midwife, Angie is able to offer much longer appointments than the NHS can usually provide. Consultations are usually in the privacy of your own home and at a time that suits you (including evenings and weekends).

Additional time with an expert midwife can be really beneficial in a wide range of circumstances. Call Angie to discuss what might be right for you. One-off consultations, through to full care before, during and after birth, are available.

It is totally understandable that you are feeling worried. Angie would be very pleased to meet with you to help in this situation. It is important to clarify your family history and the circumstances of the losses, as well as the wider family history, after which it may be appropriate to arrange specific tests or meetings with experts in particular fields.

If you are close to someone whose baby has died, or who has experienced significant difficulties during pregnancy or at birth, it is very understandable that you can feel extra anxious. Support and care from a midwife who you build a close relationship with can make a great difference.

When you are faced with the unexpected news that your baby has medical or developmental difference, it can feel lonely and overwhelming. There can be pressure to make life changing decisions very quickly.

Angie is usually available to take calls 7 days a week. She aims to give you time, clear explanations both of the issues facing your baby and the options available to you.

Sometimes Angie meets women who have declined tests and scans in pregnancy because they believe that they will be told that they must have a termination if an issue is identified. It is very important to be clear that screening tests and scans are ways to assess baby’s wellbeing and growth, but it is you who has the responsibility and the right to make decisions about your baby.

If it is suspected that your baby may have a problem, this should be explained clearly to you. You should be provided with information about the options for any additional testing which may be helpful and the effect of these issues on your baby.

Angie is very clear that it is not the role of a healthcare worker to direct you to end a pregnancy due to an issue identified as affecting your baby. However, on many occasions she hears of situations where assumptions have been made. She has supported many families who have chosen to continue their pregnancy, in the knowledge of issues affecting their baby.

If you are faced with issues of this type, please feel free to contact Angie to discuss your particular circumstances. She will work with you to clarify the issues, seeking additional expert advice as needed, so that you can make the decision which is right for you. Angie provides continuity of midwifery care packages for women who continue their pregnancy and for women who conclude that the loving decision is to end the pregnancy.

If you wish, Angie can often arrange for you to see Professor Basky Thilaganathan in Harley Street, or another relevant expert. Professor Thilaganathan is professor of fetal medicine at St Georges hospital in London and is able to provide expert diagnostic services.

Your NHS hospital may also be able to arrange referral to him or one of his colleagues at the St Georges fetal medicine unit or a similar unit. However, a private consultation ensures that you can meet him personally and allows extra time to discuss the findings. Angie is usually able to accompany you to such appointments if you wish.

In the UK, the NHS offers all pregnant women screening for common chromosomal conditions. The most frequently offered test is the combined test.

This will be reported as “low chance” or “higher chance”. A result indicating a chance of 1 in 150 or greater is categorised as “higher chance”. If you have a higher chance result the NHS will fund additional testing if you want it to find out with greater certainty.

The result is calculated taking into account the maternal age, hormone levels and the baby’s “nuchal translucency” (back of the neck) measurement.

The Harmony test is what is described as a non-invasive test (NIPT). Harmony is a trade name, there are many branded versions available, other well established versions include SAFE, Panorama, IONA and NIFTY. They all assess the chance of trisomy 21, 18 and 13. Some offer some additional features. These tests are much more specific and accurate than the standard tests for fetal trisomy such as the combined test. The decision about which branded test to use should be discussed in detail with someone with extensive knowledge and understanding of these tests. Although they are basically very similar, there are subtle differences between them. Paying more does not necessarily mean getting better quality information.

If you are considering having one of these tests you should have a full discussion about your particular circumstances, the reasons you are considering it, what the result might mean for you. Angie has met a great many women who have had this type of test but have not really understood the implications or the limitations. These tests cannot tell you that “everything is alright”. No test can do that. All they can do is tell you if it is very likely or very unlikely that your baby is affected by one of the conditions tested for.

Non-invasive tests are still screening tests. They give a “probably” answer, not a definite one.

Also consider how you would receive the result if it was not the reassuring answer you were hoping for. Angie has met many women who have been emailed a very high chance result late in the evening, with no explanation or support available. Angie gives the results to you personally and is therefore immediately available to answer any questions and to address any concerns that arise.

The simple answer is that no-one needs these tests, but you may choose to have one. This may be following a high chance combined test, to get more information without having an invasive test such as CVS or amniocentesis. It may be in addition to a “low chance” combined test, because you want to have a more accurate result.

Walking With You offers a non-directive, non-judgemental service. In some cases information available in pregnancy identifies that a baby is facing major issues which are likely to mean that his/her life is very short and/or very compromised. The availability of such information raises ethical and moral issues for both parents and health care workers. The definition of midwifery is being “with woman” (which Angie interprets as “with the pregnant person”) and Angie’s counselling training developed her commitment to providing care and support based on the beliefs and decisions of the individual(s) concerned.

Angie works with clients to ensure that decisions are made based on the best quality information available. Sometimes there are additional tests which can give more information, sometimes a second opinion scan is valuable. Above all the need is to explore and clarify feelings and beliefs.

If you decide that termination of pregnancy is appropriate, and that your decision is based on understanding of the facts, Angie is able to offer you support through the process and provide postnatal care for you.

The key to getting the best start for your baby is to make sure that everyone is aware of the likely issues. This means careful multi-disciplinary working.

Angie always advises that a baby facing issues such as this should be born in a hospital. As your baby may need some additional support after birth, it may be necessary to consider a different hospital than you had originally intended. Angie can explain and advise about this.

The question suggests that you have had a high chance screening test result, but not a diagnostic test to confirm it. The combined test, routinely offered to all pregnant people in the UK, does give a high number of false positive results. If you have had NIPT (such as Harmony or the SAFE test) with a high chance result, it is almost certainly correct. Angie can provide NIPT if you wish. Invasive testing is the only way to confirm the diagnosis before birth. Many parents do not want this done, but Angie can help you arrange it if you wish.

If you have had a high chance NIPT or an invasive test which confirmed Downs syndrome, it is very sensible to have an expert assessment of baby’s heart during pregnancy. Although this cannot provide absolute certainty, most major cardiac issues will be identified. This enables planning for what interventions might be needed at or shortly after birth.

Some NHS teams are reluctant to offer enhanced care and investigations if you have not had confirmation by way of an invasive test. Angie feels that this is ethically inappropriate and will support you to gain the best possible pre-birth care for your baby, which will enable the best planning for your little one’s start in the outside world.

This may also influence the decision about the place of birth.
Angie has a great deal of experience in working with women/couples to develop a labour and birth management plan, which reflects your hopes and wishes as well as baby’s special requirements and medical recommendations.

Planning for the best possible care for your baby, is likely to involve meeting with your obstetric consultant and specialists such as a neonatal or cardiac consultants. Angie can usually accompany you to these meetings to help negotiate what is best for you and your baby.

Angie has broad experience in such situations and suggests an urgent meeting with you to discuss both the findings and your feelings/beliefs. You do not have to end the pregnancy. It may be right for you to “continue to term”. This means continuing until the natural end point of the pregnancy, and this may or may not be the usual 40 weeks.

One of the founding principles of Walking With You is to offer continuity of care in such situations, respecting that the time you will share with your baby will be short. Angie will work to help you cherish this time, and to bond with your baby, however short his or her life may be, respecting the gift of their life, their uniqueness and your beliefs.

Many people facing such situations feel uncertain about detailed faith teachings relevant to their circumstances. Angie is able to support you to clarify faith issues, involving relevant faith leaders at appropriate times. This has included involvement such as a priest being present at caesarean section when immediate baptism was thought to be necessary within moments of delivery.

Reduced fees can sometimes be arranged in cases of need, so please do not be put off contacting Angie due to financial concerns.

Angie is often asked this question, because most people are aware that the chance of Down’s syndrome increases with maternal age. It is important to understand that if a donor egg has been used, it is the age of the donor which is relevant. If it is your own egg which was frozen, it is the age you where when it was collected that matters.

The NHS offers all women the combined test. The combined test, as it’s name suggests, combines several features to assess chance that a baby is affected by Down’s, Edward’s or Patau’s syndrome. One of the factors is maternal age, meaning that if the other parameters are identical, a woman of 46 will be calculated to have a much higher chance than a woman of 26.

The NHS bases the decision to offer additional tests (sometimes including amniocentesis) on the result of the combined test. Additional testing is offered to anyone with a chance of 1 in 150 or greater.

Angie is able to discuss this in detail with you, explaining the features in your result and how these can be interpreted. She is able to give you information about other types of investigation which you may want to consider. If appropriate she can help you to arrange an invasive test, but you may also wish to consider a non-invasive test such as the SAFE test.

Walking With You is not an ultrasound service. Angie is not a sonographer but is able to advise how to access both routine scans and specialist scans with a consultant in fetal medicine, if required.

Scans are often a very useful tool in pregnancy, but certainly do not tell us everything. NHS patients are routinely offered two scans, with specific purposes.

If features of concern are noted at these scans, additional investigations or further scans may be suggested and funded by the NHS.

Many people choose to pay for extra scans, but Angie believes that this should always be based on a clear decision about what you hope to gain from this. The reason for the scan can determine who should perform it – a sonographer or a fetal medicine consultant. There are a great many clinics offering scans and it is important to make sure that you are getting the service which is right for you and your baby.

Many people are unaware that in some businesses offering scans the people doing the scanning have no professional qualifications in fetal ultrasound scanning. Angie strongly advises that you only use a properly qualified sonographer or fetal medicine specialist doctor.

Angie will gladly provide information about this, but is also able to offer support and information taking a much broader view of your circumstances and concerns. Simply booking a scan is not always the best way forward.

In accordance with my professional registration, I will treat any information you give me as confidential. Obviously there are times when sharing information is absolutely necessary, enabling us to work together with other healthcare staff, but this would always be done with your agreement. Sometimes you may want to discuss complicated feelings with me which you do not yet feel able to talk to your family about.

There may be factors in your life that are particularly private, or you may be anxious to keep your pregnancy and associated issues away from colleagues or neighbours. Sometimes there are tensions between the culture or faith tradition that you come from and a decision you now feel to be right.

My car has magnetic signage, which I can remove for your privacy if you prefer. I normally park away from your home on a first visit so that we can discuss this.

In order to be insured to care for you (a legal requirement) I need to share basic information about you with the Private Midwives organisation. Please ask if you want more information about this.